How the big money players manipulate the market
Institutional or big money traders are playing a different game than your average trader. Even though the playing field is technically the same, institutional traders have different tools at their disposable and a different way to play the game.
It’s very important for any trader to understand these big time participants in order to know who they’re they’re actually dealinging with in the market.
One Road, Many Types of Vehicles
Imagine you’re driving down the highway in your small car. To the left you’ve got a semi, to your right a train whizzes by, and overheard, a plane flies low and rumbles your car. This is what it’s like in the market.
In the market, there are all types of participants sharing the same path. They all want to win and they’re all competing. It’s up to you to understand and be aware that they’re on the road too so you don’t get hit.
Influencing the Market
There is one big difference between regular traders and institutional, big traders in the market. A big trader has the ability to change the market direction.
When they’re operating in the market, accumulating and distributing their positions, they are actually affecting a change in price. When you trade as a simple, small trader, you can only place your order, get it filled and barely make a change to the market.
It’s like if you have a glass of water and you put a big chunk of ice in it. It spills over. But if you just put one drop in the glass, you’ll barely upset the water. This is how big traders affect the market versus what you do.
What Are the Signs?
There are big signs when big players move in the market. Since they’re so big, their activity can be seen from quite a distance. That’s a huge minus for these players.
Since they’re seen, they have to apply different tactics in order to purchase or sell their positions.
For example, if you want to buy or sell, you put the full order you want and that’s it. When the big guy needs to do it, their position is so huge it will overflood the market with demand or supply and price will take a huge spike or drop. Since their order is so enormous, it’s not sure they will even have enough participants to fulfill their request. It’s not that obvious that they’ll find all the sellers and buyers needed to fulfill.
Their tactic will therefore be to break their position into many different little chunks. When a big player wants to rid a position and change direction, they need to do it in small pieces in order to try to hide their intentions.
Moving a Huge Order
Imagine a big guy wants to get rid of 500 million dollars of something. They’ve been holding for a while and now they want to sell it off. Problem is, they can’t tell the market they want to get rid of 500 million dollars. If they reveal this, price will go down and they’ll lose a ton of money.
So instead, they distribute this amount in small pieces into the market. They might sell 500,000, then another 500,000, then 1 million. Everytime they put these orders, these orders might slightly change the market and bring it down but it won’t disrupt things completely.
Before they add more orders, they’ll wait and let price go up. Then they will place more orders. This way they’ll get their preferred price to sell. They will slowly but consistently get rid of the huge position.
Sometimes it gets more complicated. Sometimes when they sell, others see it as an opportunity to act in the opposite.
At times they put their positions and price will effect too low and they will wait for price to come back up. If it doesn’t, they’ll inject orders to give the impression price is going up. This is done to entice other traders to buy.
Simply put, they have enough money to manipulate the market direction. When it goes up, others will see the momentum and join the market. Then the big player can continue with their sales.
Pulling the Strings
We’ve just described a pattern where price is ranging and spiking a little up and a little down. These are all manipulations to give traders a false idea of momentum. The reality is, the big fish is just trying to alter the market to their benefit.
Eventually, this big fish completes their position and all the money is back.
This isn’t the end though.
Now the big player has to reinvest. After they finished the sell off, now they would want to take the same amount and to buy short orders. They would do the same pattern to sell but with buying. The ranging and the fakeouts would happen all over again but this time in the opposite direction.
The Wyckoff Theory
For further understanding of this concept, we refer you to the Wykoff theory. Since it was discovered in the 1920s, this theory has been a tested way to understand these moves via charts.
It’s very important to understand how to reconcile your trading with the other participants out there. These big fish will manipulate price and you have to know what the tactics for coping with these moves will be in order to play safe while trading for yourself.