Forex professionals look for all sorts of trading situations to describe price movements. One such scenario is a sideways market.
In this guide, we’ll dig deeper into what trading sideways means, what its strategies are, and how you can benefit from it.
A sideways market surfaces when the price oscillates in a tight range for a specific period without moving one way or the other.
Instead of going up and down, the price fluctuates in a horizontal channel in a sideways market. It shows neither the bulls nor the bears are in control.
A sideways market is represented by an area of support and resistance where the price moves. It is also called non-trending markets, range-bound markets, or choppy markets.
The sideways market appears when the price moves in a certain range. This means the price will continue to move in the direction it was before. Since the sideways market shows traders’ indecision, it is likely that there will be a change in the direction of the price after its appearance.
A sideways market can be described as a period of consolidation. The consolidation pattern presents market hesitancy and ends when the price moves above or below the support and resistance areas. Therefore, a sideways market tells traders about a shift in price pattern.
For instance, a sideways market can emerge before a strong bullish rally.
To locate a sideways market, first, you need to navigate support and resistance levels.
When the price goes up and then declines, the highest point before the falloff is resistance. The resistance level indicates an excess of sellers. Conversely, when the price goes up again, the lowest point reached before the rise is a support. A support level indicates an excess of buyers.
Trading sideways means you have to look for the price pattern within these levels. Price can go above the resistance level and below the support level, but it will never break higher high or lower low.
If the price goes above the resistance level, breaking the higher high, this signifies that a sideways trend is about to end. On the other hand, if the price goes below the support level, breaking the lower low, it’s the end of the sideways market.
The above graph shows a perfect trend line with equal highs and lows. As you can see, when the price breaks the lower low, it is an indication that the market will go downwards.
There are a lot of indicators that help in a sideway market. However, Stochastics, RSI, and ADX are considered best for trading sideways.
The RSI (Relative Strength Index) gives a reading between 0 and 100. It displays overbought and oversold conditions. When the RSI is below 30, it’s an oversold condition. Contrarily, when the RSI is above 70, it’s an overbought condition.
The Stochastics work similar to the RSI, illustrating overbought and oversold conditions and oscillating between 0 and 100. Stochastics has two signal lines; %K and %D.
The ADX (Average Directional Indicator) oscillates between 0 and 100 and has two lines; +DMI and –DMI.
When the indicator is below 25, it is a weak trend, while when the indicator is above 75, it is a strong trend.
Other indicators like Bollinger Bands and CCI (Commodity Channel Index) also works fine with a sideways market.
Trading sideways requires patience. If you are hungry enough to take every trade, the sideways market is not for you. You can apply four main strategies in a sideways market; trade the edges, stalk the breakout, trading inside the price swings, and range breakout trading.
Here’s a quick glance at each of them.
In a sideways market, the price behaves in three ways; normal, volatile, and quiet. You need to apply a lower timeframe like 5-minute or 15-minute and look to trade reversals off the edges in the normal and volatile conditions. Here edges exemplify support and resistance levels.
Forex market moves between periods of volatility and quietness. This means you can adjust your risk/reward ratio accordingly. Stalk the market signifies that the best breakouts appear after a quiet sideways market.
A keynote to add here is that sometimes breakouts don’t occur; therefore, it’s best to wait for the arrival of a breakout and then choose an entry point. In addition, breakouts can be dangerous, so it’s essential to go with proper risk/reward.
In this approach, you need to place your trades when the price moves back and forth inside a sideways market. You set your trade in the direction of the leap, and when the price moves opposite, you exit the trade.
This strategy looks simple but requires full attention. This is because a sideways market shows uncertainty, and the forex pair can move in any direction.
The concept of range breakout trading is to enter the market after the breakout. You enter the market in the direction of the breakout. For instance, if the direction is bearish, you go short.
We have prepared a video to help you understand how to trade Sideways Markets (consolidations):
At times it is difficult to know when a sideways market is going to end, as the price can break higher highs or lower lows or continue moving like before.
One way to answer this question is to look for news. If there is major news coming up like the Federal Reserve Policy announcement, there is a chance that a breakout will appear, and a sideways market will disappear. Alternatively, you can use a volume indicator MFI (Money Flow Index) to check the volume. If the volume is high, chances are sideways market will end.
Here are the two main advantages:
Here are the two main limitations:
A sideways market presents profitable trading opportunities if you can correctly recognize it. It’s important to define your risk/reward appetite before trading sideways. Besides this, it’s important to be patient and enter and exit at the right time.
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